Area: 3,915 square kilometers (1,512 square miles)
Administrative Division: 2 districts (Nanhu, Xiuzhou); 2 counties (Jiashan, Haiyan); 3 county-level cities (Pinghu, Haining, Tongxiang)
Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0573-2159703
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China: 0573-95566
Location: Situated in northeastern Zhejiang Province, central part of the Yangtze Delta, Jiaxing holds an advantaged geographic location, adjacent to the Taihu Lake in the north. Facing southward to the Hangzhou Bay in the south, Jiaxing also benefits from the position on the route between Suzhou and Hangzhou, and it is no more than one hundred kilometers (62 miles) from Shanghai, Suzhou and Hangzhou.
History: Jiaxing was a place of fish and rice. More than 7,000 years ago, there were inhabitants living on fishery and animal husbandry. It made a great progress in economy during the Sui Dynasty (581-618) due to the construction of the Jiang Nan He, Hangzhou to Zhenjiang section of the Grand Canal. The canal helped Jiaxing to be a bread basket in southeast of China, and a place wealthy in cotton fabric and silk.
Physical Features: The terrain of Jiaxing is flat and low, generally descending from the south to the north. Water-filled depressions are mainly distributed in the area nearby the Taihu Lake. Within the city, plain areas crisscrossed by a net work of rivers and trenches.
Climatic Features: Belonging to the subtropical monsoon climate, Jiaxing is abundant in rainfall and sunshine with wet spring, torrid summer, dry autumn and cold winter. It has an annual average temperature of nearly 16 C (61F), and rainy muggy days in summer are much fewer than dry chilly days in winter.
When to Go: Spring and autumn are the beat time to Jiaxing for the tourist and folk festivals.
Local Highlights: Jiaxing South Yangtze River Culture Festival (in South Lake during October to November)
China International Qiantang Tidal Bore Festival (in Haining City in the sixth day of the eighth lunar month)
Nanbei Lake Tour Festival (in Haiyan County during April to May)
Special Local Products: water chestnut of South Lake, blue calico (Blue printed colored or flower cloth) of Tongxiang City, silk floss of Wuzhen
Scenic Spots: Water towns are the most distinctive landscape of Jiaxing.
South Lake: The Lake gained its name for its location in the south of Jiaxing. In Tang Dynasty (618-907), it has become a well-known attraction for its enchanting natural landscape. The mid-lake islet was formed by the deposition of earth left after the completion of a fosse in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Nanbei Lake: As a matter of fact, it is a reservoir built relying on the seaside lagoons, being divided into north and south parts with many sights in it, including pavilions and hills.
Wuzhen: 17 kilometers (11 miles) north of Tongxiang City, the town of Wuzhen is crowned as one of the six ancient towns south of the Yangtze River with a history of more than one thousand years. It displays its profound historical and cultural accumulations in the four crossed old streets, stone bridges above the mild waters and a multitude of Ming and Qing buildings on the sides of the time-honored streets.
Xitang: This elegant historic town boasts of its 250 thousand square kilometers (62 acres) complex of Ming and Qing architecture that is well preserved. It is built along river, and has 27 stone bridges, 122 old lanes and many corridors that constitute the primary characteristic of the ancient town.
Other Scenic Spots: Haining Leather Town, Yanguan Seawall, East Lake Scenic Area
Universities in Jiaxing